Clinical Psychology applies the knowledge of psychology to emotional and physical problems. Clinical Psychologists assess mental health problems and
Who is a Clinical Psychologist
'Psychologist' is a generic term that refers to a person who has trained in one of the many fields of psychology. Clinical Psychology, Educational
Psychology, Forensic psychology, and School Psychology are four of the main specialty areas and Board Certification areas
in the general field of Psychology.
A Clinical Psychologist is a licensed mental health professional, usually with a Ph.D.
in the area of Psychology, who specializes in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health related problems and mental disorders. Clinical training prepares a psychologist
to treat adults and children either individually, as part of a family unit, and/or as part of a couple or other group. Psychologists also conduct cognitive, academic, and personality
testing, and, in the case of a forensic psychologist prepare for and participate in expert witness testimony.
Clinical Psychology applies the knowledge of psychology to emotional and physical problems. Clinical Psychologists assess mental health related problems; conduct and use research to
understand mental health problems; and develop, provide and evaluate psychological care and different types of therapeutic approaches. In the U.S. they normally hold a doctoral graduate
degree and often have postgraduate work experience.
A Clinical Psychologist typically undergoes many hours of postgraduate training in order to gain demonstrable competence and experience. In practice, they may work with individuals,
couples, families, or groups in a variety of settings, including private offices, hospitals, private and public mental health organizations, schools, businesses, prisons, and non-profit
agencies. Clinical psychologists also are active in academia, teaching, and conducting research.
A clinical psychologist may diagnose their patients (or clients) based on criteria described in the DSM or ICD, although
many clinical psychologists do not use a medical or categorical approach. A clinical psychologist in the U.S. does not usually prescribe medication, although there is a growing movement
for clinical psychologists to have prescribing privileges.
A clinical psychologist evaluates patients (clients) and provides therapy and counseling as needed. There are a wide variety of therapeutic techniques and the current trend is the use
of an "eclectic" approach, by which a psychologist may combine or adapt one or more techniques or theories in order to provide the best techniques for any given client or situation.
Psychology Compared with Psychiatry
A psychiatrist, is a physician who has specialized in mental health and illness. They are trained in the medical approach to disorders and
in the use of medications. Many, but not all, psychiatrists are also trained to conduct psychotherapy.
Psychology is the larger study of human behavior. Psychology is concerned with the study of normal everyday human behavior as much as it is the study of mental health and illness. Psychologists
may study how drugs or other chemical agents affect the brain, but generally are not trained to prescribe or administer drugs.
Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology that specializes
in understanding and helping those experiencing mental distress, physical problems, and/or behavioral problems. Clinical psychologists have extensive postgraduate training in mental
health, psychological assessment, psychotherapy, and psychosocial interventions, and are often found working in similar settings and with the same kinds of patients or clients as psychiatrists.
Unlike psychiatrists, they start with a general psychological training rather than a general medical training, before continuing with advanced postgraduate courses. They do not always
assume a medical model. Clinical psychologists are generally not authorized to prescribe medications in the United States.
In the United States, both psychologists and psychiatrists can be ‘Board Certified’ as specialists in their field. After the completion of many years of advanced graduate
school, an internship or residency is usually required. After completing their training and after having significant field experience, the psychologist or psychiatrist must pass a written
and then oral board examination before becoming ‘Board Certified’.
The more you understand about psychological and mental health related problems the better you can cope with them. Reaching out for information and assistance can help you live a healthier and more fulfilling
life. People who suffer from psychological and mental health related problems can get help from a mental
health professional such as a psychologist, psychiatrist, or clinical social worker.
Would You Like Personal Assistance?
If you really want help dealing with your feelings and emotions, changing your behavior, and improving your life and the approach and office hours of typical therapists and counselors do not fit your life style or personal needs, I may have a solution.
By using very flexible office appointments, telephone consultations, email, teleconferences, and the willingness to travel and meet with you personally in your home, office, or other location, I can be available to help you anytime and anywhere.
Feel free to contact me now for your free initial consultation. Once you become an existing client, you will be given a pager number where you can reach me whenever you need.
To Contact Dr. Berger
| Office Phone
|| 9 am to 5 pm EST
|| (717) 737 9068|
| After Hours
|| Message and Paging Center
|| (717) 761 5989|
| Home Phone
|| Given after you become an active client
|| Send mail directly from this website
|| Contact Form|
Contact Dr. Berger
Help is Available
| Who I Can Help|
| How I Can Help|
| What You Can Do|
| About Dr Berger|
What Is a
| Clinical Psychologist|
| Educational Psych...|
| Forensic Psychologist|
| School Psychologist|
| Social Worker|
| Life Coach|
| Personal Coach|
| Executive Coach|
| Mental Health Prof...|
| Pastoral Counselor|
Types of Treatment
| Behavioral Therapy |
| Cognitive Behavioral|
| Gestalt Therapy |
| Neurolinguistic |
| Rational Emotive|
| Reality Therapy|
| Family Therapy |
| Group Therapy |
| Intelligence (IQ)|
| Rorschach (inkblot)|
| Allport, Gordon|
| Beck, Aaron|
| Binet, Alfred|
| Chomsky, Noam|
| Ellis, Albert|
| Erikson, Erik|
| Erickson, Milton|
| Freud, Sigmund|
| Fromm, Erich|
| Glasser, William|
| Harlow, Harry |
| Jung, Carl|
| Kinsey, Alfred|
| Laing, R.D.|
| Leary, Timothy|
| Lewin, Kurt|
| Perls, Fritz|
| Maslow, Abraham|
| May, Rollo|
| Piaget, Jean|
| Pavlov, Ivan|
| Rogers, Carl|
| Satir, Virginia|
| Skinner, B. F.|
| Wolpe, Joseph|
| Psych Associations |